SoapUI Get SessionID

The whole purpose is, I have to automate testing for some Secured API’s, which need Session Id of my application to send request and to receive expected response.

I am using Soap-UI for my API Testing.

Initially I thought of using SoapUI to achieve the same. But my application uses SAML requests and do lot of redirection before getting into the Login Page.

So my alternative workaround is to go for the some other frameworks to fetch this session Id.

I have already discussed the same in the following post.

https://linkeshkannavelu.com/2014/02/13/selenium-webdriver-get-sessionid-from-a-web-application/

But in the above mentioned Post, I was using the FirefoxDriver. This will trigger the Firefox browser all the time and then it will fetch me the session information.

I somehow felt inside that this is not a proper workaround and always searched for the better alternative solutions.

Now I just want to let you know something that I have tried earlier to get the Session Cookie in headless mode without a browser.

Earlier I have tried out a solution to use the HTMLUnitDriver instead of FirefoxDriver to get the session information with a headless browser.

Initially I got lot of exceptions with earlier version of selenium standalone server.

But this works perfectly with the latest version of selenium. I really don’t know why.

Now the updated script will run in daemon mode and will fetch you the session id without a browser.

Obviously if you use HTMLUnitDriver, it will always throw severe bunch of warnings that you may not need.

All we need is just the session information of the application.

So, somehow I found out a way to turn off the HTMLUnitDriver logging just to avoid these bunch of severe warnings and unwanted information.

The following method will get you the SessionId of a web application.

I just pasted the method here. Of course you guyz may need to do some modification based on your needs.

You need to add the latest version of Selenium-Standalone-Server in your class path for this method to work.

public static void HeadlessSessionId() throws Exception {
		  WebDriver driver = new HtmlUnitDriver(true);
		  
		  try {		  	
			  	LogFactory.getFactory().setAttribute("org.apache.commons.logging.Log", "org.apache.commons.logging.impl.NoOpLog");
			    java.util.logging.Logger.getLogger("com.gargoylesoftware.htmlunit").setLevel(Level.OFF);
			    java.util.logging.Logger.getLogger("org.apache.commons.httpclient").setLevel(Level.OFF);
				String domainString = ServiceEndPoint;		
			    String baseUrl = domainString;
			    driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(60, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
			    driver.get(baseUrl + "/Demo/");			    
			    driver.findElement(By.id("username")).clear();
			    driver.findElement(By.id("username")).sendKeys("UserName");
			    driver.findElement(By.id("password")).clear();
			    driver.findElement(By.id("password")).sendKeys("PassWord");
			    driver.findElement(By.cssSelector("input.primary.btn")).click();			    		    
			    String SessionId = driver.manage().getCookieNamed("sessionId").toString();			    
			    domainString = domainString.replaceAll("http://", "domain=");
			    String SessionID = ((SessionId).replaceAll("path=/;", " ")).replaceAll(domainString, "").replaceAll("Cookie: ", ""); 
			    Cookie = SessionID;
			    System.out.println(SessionID);
		  }
		  finally {
		    driver.close();
		  }
	  }

So That’s it. We have the session information of our application in Hand. Now how we are going to integrate this with our SoapUI?

During the development phase/when running my tests manually from SoapUI GUI, I have a project level property defined in SoapUI called “Cookie”.

And I will manually replace that project property with the session information that I got from my selenium script.

Later I will use this Project level Property in my SoapUI test cases/ test steps.

But as a automation engineer, at some point, I may want to add these tests in my Continuous Integration Server to run these tests on a nightly Builds.

At that time, there should not be any manual intervention in my automated tests.

So lets see how I actually integrated the session that I am getting it from Selenium with SoapUI.

All we need to do is simple.

Instead of printing the session Id, write it in a property file. I used to write this session Id in “SoapUIProjectProerties.props”

Export the entire Java project into a runnable Jar file.

If you are using any IDE like Eclipse, it is not that difficult task. Then create a Batch file that will do the following steps.

1. First run the Jar File and this will write the SessionID into that Property File.
2. Use SoapUI TestRunner Batch from Command Line and Specify it to load the Properties from the “SoapUIProjectProerties.props”

@ECHO OFF
SET SOAPUI_TEST_RUNNER="C:\Program Files (x86)\SmartBear\SoapUI-5.0.0\bin\"
java -jar HeadlessSessionId.jar
%SOAPUI_TEST_RUNNER%testrunner.bat -sTestSuiteName -r -a -j -f"Reports" -i Project-Name.xml 
-Dsoapui.properties.CommonAuthWebService=SoapUIProjectProerties.props

Now during the runtime, the session Id property defined in the property file will be used by SoapUI for hitting secured API’s.

I hope this solution might be helpful for your when automating secured API’s which need session Id.

My Colleague is working on another interesting solution to rewrite the whole Java program as a ‘Groovy Test Script’ in SoapUI.

I will let you know if that works. Thanks.

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